Truth to be told, CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – is frequently unsuccessful. This is mainly because our pets often have an underlying medical condition that compromises a positive outcome. But in some cases, it can save lives! We all hope we never find ourselves needing to perform dog CPR or cat CPR… But still, we never know what the future holds. So why not learn the theory behind CPR? That’s what this article is all about!
Apart from situations in which pets are ill, choking is the most common event that asks for CPR and that has some chance of success. Others, such as drowning or cardiac arrest, might also require this maneuver and there is usually no time to waste! Learning the basics about CPR is quick and simple, but attending a live first-aid course is the best way to put into practice what is described below.
Go through the ABCs first
This is the first thing you should go through before performing dog CPR or cat CPR. It will help you know if CPR is really needed!
Check the pet’s airway for any sign of obstruction. Pull the tongue forward and assess the throat. If needed, clear the airway using your hands or the Heimlich maneuver.
Verify that the pet is not breathing by moving them onto their right side and checking if the chest moves.
If it’s hard to tell, try holding a flat surface like your phone screen up in front of the pet’s nose and see if breath comes out from the nostrils.
If the pet is unconscious but breathing, do not perform CPR – take them to a vet right away instead!
With the pet on their right side, bend their front leg up so that their elbow touches the chest. The place where the elbow touches the ribs is where the heartbeat should be the strongest.
Placing your hand over that point is the easiest way to feel the heartbeat, but you can also look for any movement on the chest wall.
If the pet has a heartbeat but is not breathing, chest compressions are not needed. At this point, artificial respiration is all you will have to do!
However, bear in mind that if you cannot see the chest moving nor find a heartbeat, CPR with chest compressions should be done right away.
Assuming you’ve assessed the situation and CPR is needed, let’s get to how to perform dog CPR and cat CPR.
Step 1 – Chest Compressions
The first step consists of chest compressions.
- Place your hands on the pet’s chest as follows:
- A) For cats, small dogs and puppies, place the heel of one of your hands directly over the pet’s heart and place your other hand directly over the first hand.
- B) For deep-chested dogs, place the heel of one hand over the widest part of the chest and place your other hand directly over the first hand.
- C) For barrel-chested dogs, place the dog on their back; place one hand over the widest part of the sternum, and your other hand directly over the first hand. Lock your elbows, and make sure your shoulders are directly above your hands.
- Compress the chest hard and fast.
- Follow the beat of the song “Staying Alive” and compress 2 times per second.
- Perform 30 chest compressions. Each compression should depress the chest by a half to two-thirds, and the chest should be allowed to return to the normal position after each compression.
Step 2 – Rescue breaths
After the compressions, move forward to the rescue breaths.
- Gently close the pet’s mouth and extend their neck to open the airway.
- Cover the pet’s nose with your mouth, and exhale until you see their chest rise.
- Exhale twice for 1 second each time, but give room for the chest to fall – 1 second will be enough.
Step 3 – Keep the cycle
- You should do a cycle of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths until the pet begins to breathe again on their own.
- Do not forget to check for breaths and heartbeats every 2 minutes.
Continue the rescue attempt until you reach a veterinary hospital or until help arrives. Even though you know your way around CPR, it’s always wise to call for expert help! If in the meantime the pet’s heartbeat and breathing returns to normal, that’s great. Nevertheless, emergency care is still needed and the pet should be taken to the vet ASAP!
Whether a positive outcome is likely or not… A pet in cardiac arrest will stand a much greater chance of living if they have the luck of being assisted by a person who knows how to do CPR. We hope this article was helpful and that you’ve now learned the basics of how to perform dog CPR and cat CPR! As always, Maven’s clinical team is available in case you have any questions, so feel free to reach out.
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